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Proximity and its Impact on the Formation of Technical Networks of Product and Process Innovation

Rosiello, A

4th Geography of Innovation Conference

Barcelona, Spain

February 2 2018

Informal networks among manufacturing firms play an important role in the transfer of knowledge in industrial clusters. Proximity facilitates the networking process, however our understanding is limited about the relationship between proximity dimensions and different types of innovation networks. Particularly, it is unclear how proximity dimensions shape the technical networks of product innovation and process innovation? We studied these networks in the Lahore textile cluster in Pakistan, and found significant influence of four dimensions of proximity on the process of network formation. Notably, the impact of cognitive, social, and organisational dimensions of proximity was found to be stronger for process innovation network than for product innovation network. Contrarily, the geographic proximity plays more important role in the network formation for product innovation than process innovation.